[1]徐演文,李刘英,凌英.佛山市南海区6~12月龄健康体检婴儿贫血情况及其影响因素分析[J].内科,2019,14(04):421-423.[doi:10.16121/j.cnki.cn45-1347/r.2019.04.11]
 XU Yanwen,LI Liuying,LING Ying.Analysis of anemia condition and its influencing factors for physical examination in infants aged 6-12 months in Nanhai District of Foshan City[J].Internal Medicine of China,2019,14(04):421-423.[doi:10.16121/j.cnki.cn45-1347/r.2019.04.11]
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佛山市南海区6~12月龄健康体检婴儿贫血情况及其影响因素分析()
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《内科》[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
14卷
期数:
2019年04
页码:
421-423
栏目:
论著
出版日期:
2019-08-29

文章信息/Info

Title:
Analysis of anemia condition and its influencing factors for physical examination in infants aged 6-12 months in Nanhai District of Foshan City
文章编号:
1673-7768(2019)04-0421-03
作者:
徐演文李刘英凌英
南海区妇幼保健院儿童保健科,广东省佛山市528200
Author(s):
XU Yanwen LI Liuying LING Ying
Department of Child Health Care, Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Nanhai District, Foshan 528200, Guangdong province, China
关键词:
婴儿贫血家庭居住环境抚养人家庭经济状况
Keywords:
Infants Anemia Family living circumstances Supporters Family ecomnomic status
分类号:
R 725
DOI:
10.16121/j.cnki.cn45-1347/r.2019.04.11
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的了解佛山市南海区6~12月龄健康体检婴儿的贫血情况及婴儿贫血与其家庭居住环境、抚养人、家庭经济状况的关系,为降低婴儿贫血患病率提供科学依据。方法选取2018年1~12月在我院儿童保健科进行健康体检的6~12月龄婴儿858名作为研究对象,分析其贫血患病率以及婴儿的贫血与其家庭居住环境、抚养人、家庭经济状况的关系。结果健康体检婴儿的贫血患病率为23.9%,其中男性为25.0%,女性为22.7%。不同居住环境婴儿的贫血患病率比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),农村婴儿的贫血患病率(39.1%)显著高于城区婴儿(20.1%)以及郊区/城乡结合部的婴儿(22.1%)。不同抚养人抚育的婴儿的贫血患病率比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),由祖父母抚育的婴儿的贫血患病率(31.5%)显著高于由父母抚育的婴儿(17.2%)。不同家庭经济状况的婴儿贫血患病率比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),表现为家庭状况较差的婴儿贫血患病率(45.5%)>家庭经济状况中等的婴儿(23.8%)>家庭状况较好的婴儿(16.2%)。结论佛山市南海区6~12月龄健康体检婴儿的贫血情况比较严重,与其家庭居住环境、抚养人、家庭经济状况的关系比较密切。根据这些因素,对婴儿抚养人进行针对性的喂养知识干预,对降低婴儿贫血患病率、促进其健康发育具有重要意义。
Abstract:
ObjectiveTo understand the anemia condition for physical examination of infants aged 6-12 months, and the relationship between anemia in infants and their family living circumstances, supporters, and family economic status in Nanhai District of Foshan, so as to provide a scientific basis for reducing the prevalence rate of anemia in infants. Methods858 infants aged 6-12 months, who underwent a physical examination in the department of child health care of our hospital from January to December 2018, were selected as subjects, to analyze the prevalence rate of anemia, and the relationship between anemia of infants and their family living circumstances, supporters and family economic status. ResultsThe prevalence rate of anemia in infants was 23.9%, with 25.0% for male and 22.7% for female of them. There was a statistically significant difference in the prevalence rate of anemia in infants among different living circumstances (P<0.05). The prevalence rate of infants anemia in rural areas (39.1%) was significantly higher than urban areas (20.1%) and suburb/rural-urban fringe areas (22.1%). The difference of the prevalence rate of anemia in infants among different supporters was statistically significant (P<0.05). The prevalence rate of anemia (31.5%) in infants raised by grandparents was significantly higher than infants raised by parents (17.2%). The difference of the prevalence rate of anemia in infants with different family economic status was statistically significant (P<0.05), which exhibited in a descending order as: the prevalence rate of infants anemia of poor family economic status (45.5%), moderate family economic status (23.8%), and good family economic status (16.2%). ConclusionThe anemia condition for physical examination in infants aged 6-12 months in Nanhai District of Foshan is relatively serious, which is closely related to their family living circumstances, supporters and family economic status. According to these factors, it is of great significance to reduce the prevalence rate of anemia in infants, and promote their health development by conducting the knowledge intervention of specific feeding on supporters of infants.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2019-08-30